Appointed President of the Public Council of Armenia (from March 2008)
Former State Minister of Defense of the Republic of Armenia (1992-1993)
Former first Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia (1990-1991)
Vazgen Manukyan graduated with a degree in mathematics from Yerevan State University in 1967. Upon graduation he entered the Post-Graduate school of the Novossibirsk Subsidiary of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. In 1972 he returned to Yerevan and started teaching at the Yerevan State University. In 1985 he got a PhD in Physics and mathematical sciences. From 1972-1995 he was a professor at Yerevan State University.
Prior to 1988 he was associated with several political organizations. In February 1988 Manukyan became a member of the “Karabakh” Committee and in 1988, a Coordinator of the “Karabakh” Committee. On December 10, 1988 along with other members of the “Karabakh” Committee he was arrested and spent 6 months in detention in Moscow.
Vazgen Manukyan was the first Chairman of the Administrative Board of the Armenian National Movement. In May 1990 he was elected as a Deputy of the National Assembly of Armenia. On August 13, 1990 he was appointed Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia. In 1991 he resigned from the post and founded the Party of National Democratic Union. He remains the Chairman of the National Democratic Union up to now.
In September 1992 Mr. Manukyan was appointed State Minister of Defense of the Republic of Armenia and resigned from this post in August 1993.
He was elected to National Assembly from 1991- 2003.
In 1996 Presidential Elections he was nominated as a Presidential Candidate from the alliance of opposition parties. According to official records he received 41.29% of votes. However, opposition did not agree with the official number claiming the elections were falsified on various levels. The falsification of elections later caused dispute and the disorder of the public and led to famous collisions . It has been alleged that the September 1996 presidential election was rigged to ensure a first round victory for President Levon Ter-Petrossian so that he would not have to face Manukyan in a second round.
Vazgen Manukyan ran for president in the 1998, 2003 and 2008 elections.
He is the author of more than 250 publications.